Ancestry Dna Test Is It Accurate

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Ancestry Dna Test Is It Accurate

It’s amazing how with a simple saliva sample or cheek swab, we can learn so much about our ancestry, family relationships and inherited health traits – all thanks to our DNA.

How Accurate Are Online Dna Tests?

“A DNA test kit can tell us our medical risk, to some extent, and who we are currently related to in our biological family,” said Brianne Kirkpatrick, a genetic counselor, the National Society of Genetic Counselors’ expert on ancestry and founder. of the DNA Watershed. “They can also tell us about our grandparents and great-grandparents. We wouldn’t have had the chance to learn otherwise.”

Buying a DNA test comes with a lot of questions, so we talked to six experts about what makes a quality test, who should and shouldn’t use it, and how safe your genetic information is. We’ve also included answers to several frequently asked questions based on the knowledge shared by these experts.

If you’re looking for a DNA kit for both basic health information and an in-depth look at your ancestors, the 23andMe Health + Ancestry service is your best bet.

If you’ve already had an autosomal DNA test like the one above, the FamilyTreeDNA Y-DNA and mtDNA tests provide a deeper understanding of your maternal and paternal lines, perfect for those looking to unearth their ancestors and create family trees.

My Personal Ancestry Dna Kit Review

You will notice that the DNA kits we recommend are the most popular on the market. This is because the database of previous customers to compare your DNA, the better.

Each company’s database is your bread and butter for finding other potential family members, determining your exact racial classification, and using additional data to compare your genetic health information.

If your goal is to build your family tree or meet your cousins, you want a site with more people, therefore more matches, Mica Anders, a professional genealogist who specializes in genetics, told us.

AncestryDNA has the largest database with about 20 million people, about 8 million more than the next largest, 23andMe. You can connect to family connections and have the ability to send the same message. Anders pointed out that people at Ancestry don’t check their messages as often as other sites aimed at serious genealogists, such as FamilyTree DNA.

Ancestrydna Regions By The Numbers

The company offers a subscription service ($25/month and up) that provides access to a catalog of historical records, such as birth, death and marriage certificates, that can be used to build your family tree.

Submitting a saliva sample to Ancestry will give you an estimate of your ancestry. matches specific countries, regions and maps the possible migration patterns of your ancestors. and family relationships with those who match your DNA.

Ancestry continues to update its estimates of ethnicity and family relationships based on new customer data, so you’ll continue to receive information as its database grows. The company also allows users to download their raw genetic data, which can be uploaded to other sites for analysis.

Another downside to Ancestry is that it no longer provides certain health information as of January 2021. But when you consider that genetic counselors recommend consulting a professional before testing your DNA for health information, and many people use these tests for genealogical purposes , AncestryDNA still holds our top spot.

This Just In: When You Get Your Ancestrydna Results

And, at $99 (and often less if you upgrade), this test is effective at contributing to your genealogy while leaving room in your wallet to get a DNA health exam with a qualified professional if that’s what you choose to do.

At $199, the 23andMe Health + Ancestry Service is the most expensive kit on our list. However, you will receive more than 40 reports of carrier status (that is, whether or not you carry a genetic mutation for inherited diseases) and report more than 10 health complications. This helps provide information about your genetic risk for diseases such as type 2 diabetes and Parkinson’s disease.

While these reports can be interesting and enlightening, it is important to remember that a positive result does not necessarily mean that you will get the disease, and a negative result does not mean that you will not get it.

In addition to health, 23andMe provides ancestry results by ethnicity, an interactive map showing where your ancestors came from, and haplogroups, which look for deeper origins on your mother’s or father’s side of the family.

Andme Dna Test Ancestry Personal Genetic Service Auxx 00 N05

Female testers will only be able to see their mother’s haplogroup, but male testers can learn about their father’s haplogroup because this test is done on the Y chromosome (which only males have).

Finally, 23andMe has a powerful platform for making family connections based on your DNA if you choose to opt in. You can send messages through the forum and you can even see a map where you can find your family match. And with over 12 million people in their database, the chances of finding distant (or not so distant) relatives can be high.

The MyHeritage DNA test kit was released in 2016, so its database, which is about 4.5 million DNA samples, is not as large as older products. However, MyHeritage allows users to upload their raw genetic data from other sites, so even though its sample pool is small, its database is large enough that you might find a family match on the site.

Additionally, if you believe you have European ancestry, MyHeritage DNA may be a better choice than others, as they have many customers in Europe.

What 23andme And Other Genetic Testing Tools Can Do With Your Data

MyHeritage has been used as a genealogy tool long before it started offering its own DNA tests. As a result, the site also has an impressive database of genealogical documents such as birth, death and marriage certificates. Access requires registration, but you can also combine your DNA results with our history database and family tree builder.

For $89 (and often promoted to lower prices), it has many of the same offerings as the big names: There’s a built-in platform for connecting with new family DNA matches and detailed ethnicity classification. Unlike the Ancestry and 23andMe tests, MyHeritage uses a cheek swab to collect DNA, which some may find easier than collecting their saliva through a tube.

This test does not provide information about health or traits, so it is especially suitable for those who want to focus only on their ancestry.

If you’ve already had an autosomal DNA test like the one above, the FamilyTreeDNA Y-DNA and mtDNA tests provide a deeper understanding of your maternal and paternal lines, perfect for those looking to unearth their ancestors and create family trees.

How Do Companies Measure Dna To Discover Your Ancestry?

Most of the DNA testing kits on the market are autosomal DNA tests, which means any gender can have them study both sides of their family tree, said Adrienne Abiodun, a genealogist at Legacy Tree Genealogists.

But FamilyTreeDNA offers two different, more specific tests: a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) test that focuses on your maternal line, answering the question “who was my mother’s mother’s mother?” or, the Y-DNA test, which can only be used by natural males with the Y chromosome to find information about their direct paternal line.

These types of tests are best suited for those who have already had an autosomal DNA test (such as any of the above) and are looking for more in-depth information about their ancestry. And they suit someone who wants information only about his mother’s or father’s ancestry — for example, a biological man who has never met his father and wants more information only about his father’s ancestry.

FamilyTreeDNA is a cheek test and allows users to upload their raw data from other testing sites to find more matches – which is great if you want to connect with others.

How To Protect Your Dna Data Before And After Taking An At Home Test

“FamilyTreeDNA has very serious genealogists, so sometimes you’ll have a better chance of getting answers from people there,” says Mica Anders.

A paternity test starts at $119 and a maternal ancestry test is $159. For what it’s worth, FamilyTreeDNA does offer autosomal DNA testing, but both Anders and Abiodun say they often advise clients to upload their autosomal data from other testing companies and then focus on FamilyTreeDNA’s specials as appropriate. .

There are several specialized DNA test kits available, especially for those interested in genealogy. The experts we spoke with strongly recommend using one type of site at a time, and once you’re sure where your list is coming from, look into more specialized research.

Value: We looked at what information you get and the quality of the information you get, compared to the price of the test.

Global Ancestry Dna Report

Depth and detail of data provided: We looked at how well each test combined deep genealogical information (your ancestry goes back hundreds and thousands of years) and genetics.

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