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To obtain the right to a patent, you must apply to the Japan Patent Office and go through examinations to determine whether the application meets all the necessary requirements.
Precautions are taken before any patent right is finally granted, which reviews all applications worldwide. This involves exchanging documents with the applicant to determine which claims are patentable. The complete procedure from registration to registration is shown in the flow chart below.
How Do You Apply For A Patent
No matter how good an invention is, of course it cannot be patented if it is not applied. An application requires someone to fill out the forms specified in the relevant ordinances and submit them to them.
Procedures For Obtaining A Patent Right
Japan has adopted the first-to-file system, the principle that when two parties apply for a patent for the same invention, the patent will be granted to the first party to file. Therefore, it is advisable to file as soon as possible after discovery. It is also advisable not to publish the invention before filing a patent.
A submitted application document will be checked to see if it meets the necessary procedural and formal requirements. In case the necessary documents are missing or the required sections are not completed, an invitation is issued for correction.
The contents of an application will be published in the Official Gazette after 18 months from the date of filing.
Patent applications are not necessarily reviewed. Examination will be held only for applications where the applicant or a third party has submitted a request for examination and examination fees have been paid.
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*Any application not submitted within a period of three years from the date of submission of the request for examination shall be considered automatically withdrawn and no patent may be obtained thereafter.
An examiner will conduct an examination and decide whether or not the claimed invention should be patented. The examiner first checks whether the application meets the requirements defined by law, i.e. whether there are grounds for rejection or not. These requirements include the following:
An applicant who receives a notice of reasons for rejection shall be given an opportunity to submit a written argument or to amend the claims of the case alleging that the reasons for rejection of the invention are different from the prior art. This will invalidate the grounds for rejection.
As a result of the examination, if no reasons for refusal have been found, the examiner decides to grant a patent as a final assessment of the examination stage. If the reasons for rejection are removed by argument or amendment, the examiner will make the same decision.
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On the other hand, if the examiner judges that the reasons for rejection have not been removed, a rejection decision is made (final assessment of the exam phase).
The appeal hearing against the rejection decision is conducted by a collective body of three or five appeal examiners. The appeal investigator’s decision is called an appeal decision.
When it is judged that the reasons for refusal are resolved as a result of the appeal hearing, an appeal decision is made for granting the patent, and when the appeal examiners judge that the reasons cannot be canceled and the patent cannot be registered, an appeal is made. decision. Rejection is done.
If the applicant pays the patent fee, the patent right will come into force after it is registered in the patent register after the decision to grant the patent. At the same time, the invention receives a number of patents. After the registration of a patent, a patent is sent to the applicant.
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Any person may file an objection to the grant of a patent with the Commissioner within six months of the date of publication of the Patent Gazette containing the patent (paragraph 113 of section 113 of the Patents Act).
The collective body must take a revocation decision or a maintenance decision in response to the opposition (Article 114 of the Patents Act).
If the appellate examiners judge that there is no error in the decision to grant the patent, they will make a decision to maintain the patent. However, if they judge that the grant decision is flawed, they will take a decision to revoke the patent right.
Appeal against a rejection decision An applicant dissatisfied with a rejection appeal decision and an interested party dissatisfied with a revocation or retention appeal decision may appeal to the Supreme Court of Intellectual Property.
Apply For A Patent
For patent applications filed before September 30, 2001, the time limit of seven years from the date of filing will apply. The system of validation of European patents in a non-member state is based on an international agreement between the European Patent Organization and the relevant Validity Status. Applicants can obtain patent protection in valid status using effectively the same procedure as before obtaining national patents in the organization’s 38 member states and two enlargement states. At their request and upon payment of the prescribed fee, European applications and patents can be certified in the state of validity and have the same effect as national applications and patents.
The validation system ensures that foreign applications entering validation status are examined according to the same high quality standards as those submitted with any other patent application. The integrity and reliability of the EU patent granting process creates a high degree of legal certainty for the holder of a European patent. Thanks to the European Patent Office and its role as a leading authority of the PCT, inventions protected by a European patent are usually filed internationally and have a high economic value. The granting of a national patent through the validation system is a simple, timely and cost-effective way to obtain a high level of protection for an invention in a jurisdiction that is not part of the European Patent Organization.
Importantly, the validation procedure and legal effects of validation are governed only by the national law of the validating state. Consequently, certified patents are subject to the same national laws as national patents granted by the National IP Office. This means that the valid state’s national provisions on revocation and infringement of national patents apply specifically to valid European patents, and the national court will be the final arbiter of the protection afforded by these patents.
National patents granted to non-residents are an incentive for foreign direct investment and technology transfer, and investors can rely on the legal certainty attached to the patents granted and the ability of applicants to enforce their rights. The legal certainty associated with foreign-origin patents is important as domestic innovators and competitors must have clarity about the scope of protection provided to prevent them from developing technologies that infringe the rights of others.
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In contrast, national patent applications filed by residents are usually the result of domestic research and development, and the national patent system is expected to act as a catalyst to translate the commercial potential of these inventions into economic development. Legal guarantees attached to these patent applications and patents, such as commercialization through licensing, successful prevention of copying of the invention or its protection in foreign markets, are essential for domestic patent owners to fully benefit from their inventions.
Patent applications filed by residents are generally “first applications” because the applicant has not yet filed patent applications for the same invention in other jurisdictions. Timing is a crucial factor for first-time filings as applicants need to know whether they can patent their invention as soon as possible after the filing date and before the 12-month priority period expires. Pre-certification of the patentability of their inventions is necessary to make an informed decision about its further development and perhaps whether to extend protection to other jurisdictions, in other words, to promote exports and trade outer.
However, first-time filings usually require family members to do the initial patent search and examination from scratch because there are no family members to advise the patent office. Therefore, they are usually more time-consuming and complex to examine than second filings, when relevant work products from other patent offices are available. In addition, many national patent offices face capacity constraints and do not have enough qualified patent examiners to examine the growing range of technologies.
In most patent offices, second filings represent the majority of national patent applications. After the validation agreement enters into force, non-resident applicants usually choose the validation route, resulting in a sharp reduction in the second part of the file of the national office of the validating state. It can then devote more resources to screening first submissions and prioritize timeliness and quality. Its inspectors can focus their efforts on local guidelines
How To Apply For A Patent?
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