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One effect of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany is a major push towards the digitization of education. Compared to other countries, Germany has been somewhat slow to adopt computer-based learning. The German federal government has been promoting “digital skills” as a key educational concept for several years, and in 2019 spent 5 billion euros ($5.8 billion) to upgrade internet infrastructure and increase the supply of digital devices. In 43,000 schools in Germany. However, in March 2020, nearly 11 million schoolchildren in Europe’s largest country were enrolled in online education, indicating that Germany is not ready for digital learning. As a result of the crisis, the political circles coincided with the rapid progress of digitization of schools.
In higher education, digitization is increasingly seen as a tool for academic innovation as well as a way to increase the already growing movement of international students to Germany. As the COVID-19 emergency led to a sharp drop in the number of international students in the country – approximately 80,000 of them remained during the early stages of the pandemic – Germany has emerged as a growing international education hub in recent years. It attracts a growing number of students from countries such as China and India, especially for English-taught master’s programs.
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To further support this influx of international students, the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the country’s international exchange funding body, recently adopted a strategy for “internationalization through digitization,” which aims to promote academic mobility through digital learning platforms and learning platforms. Webinars on topics such as research proposal writing, online language tests, virtual recruitment events, and an online portal to match students with academic institutions.
Masters In Germany Guide For International Students [updated 2022]
In addition to such digitization efforts, the government has systematically promoted Germany as an international science center with major funding projects such as the Excellence Strategy, which aims to transform German universities into world-class international research institutions. . Germany urgently needs immigrants to address the growing shortage of skilled labor in its rapidly aging society. Therefore, attracting international researchers and students to universities is considered an important effort to ensure the flow of highly qualified immigrants and economic growth.
Another concern for German policymakers was the country’s landslide in the 2018 OECD PISA survey. German students continue to perform above the OECD average, but their reading and science test scores have fallen below levels last seen in 2009 and 2006. Some German officials have criticized the results as “stagnant mediocrity” and a large number of students I’m sorry. 15-year-old students – 21 percent – cannot read or do math calculations.
However, other observers attribute the average PISA results to the shortcomings of the German education system, as well as the difficulties associated with the integration of newcomers due to the rapid migration of refugees and immigrants educated abroad, language barriers and academic mismatches. . Between 2015 and 2016 alone, Germany welcomed nearly 1.3 million refugees, a historically large influx of refugees, resulting in Germany’s largest population growth in years, and many of the new arrivals were young people in need of education.
Since most refugees do not speak German when they arrive, and Germany has a relatively short history as a country of immigration, despite significant structural and socio-cultural barriers, these immigrants have been able to accommodate these immigrants better than expected in the educational environment. Integration continues to be an ongoing issue, and the social inclusion of immigrants will remain a political issue for the foreseeable future. (For more on this topic, see our related articles on the state of refugee integration in Germany in 2017 and 2019)
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The movement of international students to Germany has skyrocketed until the coronavirus pandemic wreaked havoc on education around the world. According to official statistics, the number of foreign students in the country increased by 46 percent between 2013 and the winter term of 2019/20, from 282,201 to 411,600. According to the Institute of International Education (IIE), 11.7 percent of all students in Germany were international students in 2019, which is higher than other top countries such as the United States, where 5.5 percent of all students were international students in 2019. However, note that Germany, unlike IIE, includes foreign nationals with immigration or refugee status in Germany as international students who study at higher education institutions. However, 78 percent of all foreign students in Germany, or 319,000, are international students enrolled on temporary student visas in the traditional sense.
At the time of writing, data for the post-pandemic summer 2020 semester was not available, but it is clear that the pandemic has led to a sharp decline in the number of international students in Germany, as in other host countries. According to Uni-assist, Germany’s most important accreditation assessment agency, the number of international applications for the winter semester 2020 has decreased by 20 percent compared to the previous year. Interviews with students from India, Germany’s second largest source of international students, suggest that German universities’ shift to blended learning has led to fewer postgraduate employment opportunities, logistical barriers and concerns about the quality of education as barriers to student migration. since the plague. , which combines face-to-face learning with online learning.
The overall interest among Indian students to study in Germany remains strong and there is no doubt that Germany will continue to be a dynamic hub for international education in the future. The country has a well-defined and generously funded international strategy that consciously seeks to attract the world’s “brightest brains”. As mentioned earlier, Germany has a growing need to import skilled labor. The country already has a shortfall of more than 300,000 tech workers, and by 2035 a severe labor shortage is expected to slow economic growth.
Against this backdrop, international graduates make excellent immigrants. They are relatively young and already know the country; They have German academic skills and often speak a little German. Thus, changes in immigration policy in recent years have made it easier to work in Germany after graduation and allow for longer stays, encouraging the movement of incoming students. Not only can international students stay and work in the country for 18 months after graduation, long-term work visas and permanent residency are available for those with an appropriate employment contract and German language skills.
English Taught Master’s Courses In German Universities
The language barrier is one of the biggest problems associated with English-speaking countries in Germany. However, with the growing number of English-taught master’s and doctoral programs, these barriers are becoming increasingly irrelevant. While undergraduate programs are still conducted almost exclusively in German, international applicants can choose from more than 1,300 master’s programs offered exclusively in English.
What makes these programs so attractive is that German public universities charge the lowest tuition fees, even for international students, a clear advantage where other international courses are often prohibitively expensive. At least 20 percent of all students enrolled in master’s programs in Germany are now international students. International students account for 25 percent of all enrollments in doctoral programs, a trend actively supported by the German government: 49 percent of international doctoral students in Germany received state grants in 2018.
Another attraction is Germany’s strong reputation for world-class engineering and other technical subjects. While 42 percent of international students in Germany study engineering, only about 20 percent of international students in the United States study engineering. While the majority of foreign students in the United States study at the undergraduate level, over 50% of graduate students in Germany study master’s and doctoral programs. However, it is important to note that it varies depending on the type of organization and the country of origin. For example, the number of undergraduate students from Africa and the Middle East is relatively high.
China has become Germany’s largest source of international students over the past 10 years; This currently accounts for 13 percent of the country’s international enrollment. But while the number of Chinese students continues to grow, a recent development is that the influx of students from India has accelerated, making Russia the second most important sending country in 2015. Between 2016 and 2019 alone, the number of Indian students in Germany doubled and now accounts for 7% of all international students. Given that the most common international student from India is a STEM graduate with limited financial means, Germany is in many ways the ideal destination for Indian students. The increasing availability of English-taught master’s programs and recent changes in immigration laws have made the country even more attractive to these students.
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In 2015/16, the influx of Syrian refugees to Germany led to an even greater increase in new Syrian student enrollments, with numbers increasing by 275% in just three years. Integrating these mainly young refugees into the higher education system was initially difficult due to their lack of knowledge of the German language.
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