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The German education system differs from other countries in many ways, but it produces high-achieving students. Most German students attend public schools. The entire German education system, including universities, is available to the children of bona fide travelers. Grip, of course, the lessons are conducted in German, which is usually suitable for school beginners, but as the children get older, the problem becomes more and more serious. However, there are also many private schools. Although education is a function of the federal states and varies from state to state, some generalizations are possible.
Children from three to six years old can go to kindergarten. After that, school is compulsory for nine or ten years. Children from 1st to 4th grade go to elementary/primary school (
Education Levels In Germany
After fourth grade, there is a two-year orientation or testing phase in which students are separated according to their academic ability and family preferences, and then attend one of three different types of high schools:
The German School System
Teachers recommend their students to a particular school based on their academic achievement, self-confidence and ability to work independently. (In all states except Berlin and Brandenburg, this orientation phase is part of the high school curriculum.) However, in most states, parents have the final say on which school their child attends after the fourth (or sixth) grade.
, but slowly and with some business-oriented courses. This leads to part-time enrollment in vocational schools that prepare students until the age of 18.
(Grades 5-10 in most states) lead to part-time vocational schools and post-secondary vocational schools. This is now possible here for students with high academic performance
And it prepares students for university study or dual academic and professional education. The curriculum varies from school to school, but typically includes German, maths, computer science, physics, chemistry, biology, geography, art (also craft and design), music, history, philosophy, civics, social studies, and many more. includes foreign languages. languages. . In recent years, many states have changed their curriculum so that students “
How To Germany
, combining part-time academic education and training. Upon successful completion of an apprenticeship program, a certificate is awarded in a specific trade or field of work. These schools differ from the other schools listed in that control rests with the federal government, industry, and unions rather than with local and regional school authorities.
Regardless of the type of school a student attends, he or she must complete at least nine years of education. The student left A
Until the end of the nine years. Students must study at least one foreign language for at least five years. Requires another foreign language
German students in public schools usually go to school in the morning. Classes usually start between 7:30 and 8:15 and end between 12 and 1:30. The duration of the lesson is usually 45 minutes with a short break. However, in recent years some schools (
Zfl: The German School System
) began to give more days. Extra hours can be used to complete homework or participate in various extracurricular activities. There is a hot meal with extra hours and a buffet should be added to these schools. “Three Dollars” – A lot of homework and a lot of attention can be paid to reading, writing and arithmetic. The curriculum expands as students move up
The academic year consists of two semesters, usually beginning in mid- to late August. Christmas and summer are more relaxing. Short breaks around Easter and in the fall. There is no school on the holiday. Christmas holidays are usually 2 weeks and summer holidays are about 6 weeks. The exact dates of various holidays and weekends are determined by the landing party.
. Depending on the needs of the individual and the availability of the school, the student may attend one of the specialized schools. These schools have specially trained teachers and usually have a lower student-to-teacher ratio than regular schools. Students with special needs do not attend these schools and a
There are many different private schools in Germany. These schools usually take tuition and offer a variety of courses leading to the German language
School System & Compulsory Education
Several dozen international schools in Germany offer courses leading to an IBO or other diploma or certificate, usually in English, which allows students to enter a college or university.
Homeschooling is illegal in Germany. The law requiring students to attend public schools or accredited private schools survived despite challenges.
There are many types of university level schools. In the tradition of Alexander von Humboldt, classical universities offered a comprehensive general education, and students typically attended them for six years. However, in recent years there have been changes in the curriculum that allow a university student (general or technical university) to earn a bachelor’s degree in about 6 or 7 semesters. An additional 3 or 4 semesters are usually required for postgraduate studies.
How long it takes to get a degree depends on the university, not the state. The curriculum may be slightly different in each school. Technical universities (
German Education System
There are many private schools that offer different levels of programs in different subjects. Most of these schools teach in English. (See article on higher education.) One of the consequences of the Covid-19 epidemic in Germany has been a major blow to the digitization of education. Compared to other countries, Germany is somewhat slow to adopt computer-based education. The German federal government has promoted “digital empowerment” as a central concept in education for years – most recently €5 billion (US$5.8 billion) in 2019 to modernize Internet infrastructure and increase the delivery of digital equipment. promised to separate. 43,000 schools in Germany. However, in March 2020, the sudden shift to online education for nearly 11 million schoolchildren in Europe’s largest country has undermined Germany’s readiness for digital education. The crisis has led to cascading calls across the political spectrum to accelerate the digitization of schools.
Likewise, digitization in higher education is now seen as a means of modernizing education as well as a way to increase the already increasing mobility of international students in Germany. The Covid-19 emergency has led to a sharp drop in the number of international students in the country – some 80,000 of whom dropped out in the early stages of the epidemic – and Germany has become a center for international education in recent years. This increases the number of students in countries such as China and India, especially in English-taught master’s programs.
To continue this flow of international students, the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the country’s funding agency for international exchange, recently adopted a policy of “internationalization through digitalization” aimed at promoting educational mobility through digital learning platforms. . webinars. In topics such as writing research proposals, online language tests, virtual recruitment programs and online portals to match students with educational institutions.
In addition to such digitization, the government is regularly promoting Germany as an international research center with extensive funding projects called the Excellence Strategy, which aims to ensure that German universities become world-class research institutions. . With a rapidly aging population, Germany urgently needs immigrants to fill a shortage of skilled workers. Therefore, attracting international researchers and students to their universities is seen as an important effort to ensure the flow of highly skilled immigrants and ensure economic growth.
Basic Structure Of The Education System Of The Federal Republic Of Germany
The country’s slide in the 2018 OECD PISA study is another concern of German politicians. Although German students performed above the OECD average, their reading and test scores in science fell below their last levels in 2009 and 2006, respectively. Some German officials hailed the results as “moderately stable” and lamented the high number of 15-year-olds – 21 percent – who could not read or do enough maths arithmetic.
However, other observers attributed the PISA results to the rapid influx of refugees and immigrants educated abroad, and the difficulties these newcomers faced due to language barriers and educational inconsistencies, rather than deficiencies in the German education system. . Between 2015 and 2016 alone, Germany took in an estimated 1.3 million refugees – a historic influx that led to Germany’s biggest population increase in years, with most of the new arrivals being young people in need of education.
Given that most immigrants do not speak German and Germany’s relatively short history as a country of immigration despite significant structural and socio-cultural barriers, these immigrants are better integrated into educational institutions than expected. That is, integration problems remain, and social inclusion of migrants will remain a political issue in the near future. (See our related article for more on this topic
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